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Email validation in JavaScript

I’m working on a series of article on JavaScript form validation, and one of the more hotly debated things is how best to validate email addresses.

A lot of regex patterns you’ll see shared online end up throwing errors on valid email addresses. The better articles recommend you use one that follows RFC822, the standard for email address formats.

I found this awesome snippet from Richard Willis in my travels.

var isEmail = function (email){
    return /^([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x22([^\x0d\x22\x5c\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x22)(\x2e([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x22([^\x0d\x22\x5c\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x22))*\x40([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x5b([^\x0d\x5b-\x5d\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x5d)(\x2e([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x5b([^\x0d\x5b-\x5d\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x5d))*$/.test( email );  
};

// Example
isEmail('chris'); // false
isEmail('some@email.com'); // true

The only snag with this is that, per the spec, email addresses without a TLD are also valid. For example, chris@localhost is a valid email. Why? Because email addresses on a local server are valid.

I created a slightly modified version that will also check for a TLD (.com, .co.uk, etc.) if you need to ensure it’s a publicly accessible email address.

Note: Reader Tom Thorgood pointed out that the original version of this excluded newer TLD’s like .email. I’ve updated it accordingly. Thanks Tom!

var isEmailWithTLD = function (email){
    return /^([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x22([^\x0d\x22\x5c\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x22)(\x2e([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x22([^\x0d\x22\x5c\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x22))*\x40([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x5b([^\x0d\x5b-\x5d\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x5d)(\x2e([^\x00-\x20\x22\x28\x29\x2c\x2e\x3a-\x3c\x3e\x40\x5b-\x5d\x7f-\xff]+|\x5b([^\x0d\x5b-\x5d\x80-\xff]|\x5c[\x00-\x7f])*\x5d))*(\.\w{2,})+$/.test(email);    
};

// Example
isEmailWithTLD('some@example'); // false
isEmailWithTLD('some@example.com'); // true

You can grab both of these on GitHub.


🔥 Hot off the press! I just launched a new pocket guide. Learn how to build interactive web apps with vanilla JavaScript.

Have any questions or comments about this post? Email me at chris@gomakethings.com or contact me on Twitter at @ChrisFerdinandi.

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